ocimum x citriodorum
days to maturity: 65 days
plant spacing: 1-3 plants per square foot
sunlight requirements: 6-14 hours
look out for: basil leaf miner
harvest notes: harvest whole branches 6” down
Lemon basil is a member of the mint family and its a hybrid of thai basil, but with a slightly citrus/ lemony flavor. Lemon basil is one of the most resilient basil types to grow in South Florida (the other ones being Mrihana wild basil & African blue basil & thai) so if you are a beginner we recommend starting here. Thai basil plants grow to a height of between 12 to 18 inches with leaves 1 to 2 inches long on purple stems with purple flowers and can be perennial if they start the summer healthy and are kept free of pests and diseases for the summer season. “Basil leaf miner” is the most prevalent pest amongst basil plants. It makes a black splotch with a white and brown ring around it in each leaf of the plant. This is caused by a fly landing on your leaf and laying its egg in-between the membranes of the leaf. Unfortunately no amount of spraying of organic pesticides will treat this problem, as the bug is long gone by the time you see the damage. Pluck off and throw away damaged leaves to try and minimize the population of flies in your garden. If it persists consider giving up on basil for the time being.